글 & 자료. 백에이 어소시에이츠 100A Associates
‘집’을 설계하는 일이 흥미로운 이유는 집이 불특정 다수가 아닌 특정한 사람만을 위한 공간이고, 그 사람을 탐구하는 과정을 담고 있기 때문이 아닐까 싶다. ‘우주재’ 또한 한 가족의 소소한 이야기와 그들의 생활방식, 그들이 삶을 대하는 태도를 이해하는 과정을 거쳐 탄생했다.
Wujujae which means a house with plentifulness, was built for a couple in their 50s and three children. Both of the couple spent their childhood in the countryside, went up to Seoul with their marriage, and have lived in several apartments constantly for more than 30 years. It is said that living in a midtown apartment is comfortable, but they have felt stuffy and decided to spend latter half of their life with nature as their retirement age is drawing near.
They looked around for a site at Gwangju, near from downtown, in order that the couple and their children could commute, and eventually they found out the sunny, snug and warm site with clean air in well-arranged village near the forest, for this house. Then they visited the designer. Satisfied with the designer’s previous projects such as San Soo Eun and W+House, they shared their ideas with the designer.
‘우주재’라는 이름은 ‘넉넉함이 머무르는 집’이라는 뜻으로, 처음 건축주 가족과 다같이 만나는 자리에서 건축주 자매가 소개한 이름이다. 집을 짓고 싶은 이유와 집에 담고 싶은 것들, 집의 의미를 새긴 이름을 지어와 설명해주셨는데 그 이름이 참 인상적이었다.
그래서 우리는 그 이름으로부터 집의 공간에 대한 생각을 시작했고, 수많은 질문과 대답을 통해 건축주의 삶의 방식과 삶을 대하는 태도를 담은 집을 만들고자 했다. 그리고 한국적인 공간에서 설계의 연결고리를 찾았다.
“What make me exciting whenever I design a space of house are a fact that the house is a space not for many and unspecified persons but for specified persons, and the process itself to explore the persons. I also designed this house through the process to understand trivial stories, lifestyles and attitudes to life of the family. I heard about a reason to build this house, things they wanted to express in it, and a name to keep its meaning. ‘Wuju Jae, je’ which has plentifulness, is a very impressive expression.”
The designer started to map a plan about the space from its name, and discovered a clue from their lifestyles and attitudes to life known through numerous questions and answers. It is just ‘a house to be plentiful by emptying, a one-storied house with naive and tidy elevation in harmony with nature, keeping modern Korean beauty.
먼저 원경과 근경(자연을 사유하는 방법)에 따라 집을 동향으로 배치하고, 항상 빛이 머물 수 있도록 중정을 두었다. 평면은 길이의 단위 중 하나인 한 ‘자’를 기준으로, 이 한 자의 길이를 각 실과 문의 치수 등 집의 곳곳에 적용했다. 우리가 가장 중요하게 생각했던 것은 ‘여백’이었다. 사계절에 따라 아침저녁으로 시시각각 변화하는 창 밖 풍경, 그리고 빛과 그림자의 움직임만으로도 충분히 아름다운 공간이 되었으면 하는 바람이었다.
Above all, the designer arranged this house toward the east in the light of close-range view and distant view according to the way of thinking nature, and laid out a courtyard where the light would always stay. Without giving up what might be lost due to southern exposure – they want to use the hill behind this house as a backyard or a vegetable garden, and to fill up the window with the beauty of roof soffit of neighboring Hanok(Korean traditional house) Village, he arranged the building toward the east for views and various uses, and the courtyard became a solution of the problem caused by it. In this way, it was built as a house fitting completely to their lifestyle through communication between the designer and the owner. Its plane was planned based on Ja(Korean traditional unit of length, about 30.3㎝), and Ja was applied to the sizes of details including rooms and doors for the convenient use and the reasonable plan and construction.
The designer attached special importance on a margin in designing this house, and hoped that this house would be a beautiful space enough only with the surrounding scenery changing continuously day and night seasonally and the change of light and shadow. This margin makes the scenery a hero of the space, because interior space is finished with translucent white Hanji, Korean traditional paper made from mulberry tree. Korean interior composition of space also contributes to highlight this margin. On the contrary, the designer gave naturalness to exterior space by emphasizing rough texture of mortar poked out unevenly between dark bricks piled up with pressure.